ORDINARY LEVEL RESULTS ANALYSIS – JUNE 2017 EXAMINATIONS

Introduction

A total number of 78 655 candidates registered and sat for a range of subjects from one to nine per candidate as compared to 65 380 in June 2016. Of the 78 655, 56 were candidates with special needs. The total candidature however increased by 13 275, a percentage increase of 16, 88 %. For the purpose of this analysis, two distinct categories of candidates are referred to as school and private candidates. Private candidates are those who are not registered by a formal school education system but receive tuition through the non formal route. School candidates are defined as students who are registered by a formal school education system until the sitting of national examinations. The number of school candidates was  10 691 and for private candidates it was 67 964.

 

The June examination is meant to provide an opportunity to candidates who need to make good on their previous efforts and achieve five subjects at Grade C or better. The number of all candidates who sat for five or more subjects was 3 045 which is 3.89 % of the total candidature of 78 655. The remainder, 75 608 (96, 1%), sat for four or fewer subjects. In June 2016, the number of all candidates who sat for five or more subjects was 2 391 which was 3.6% of the total candidature of 65 380.

 

Below is a summary of candidates who sat for June 2017 Ordinary Level examinations by number of subjects.

 

TABLE 1: NUMBER OF SUBJECTS WRITTEN AND THEIR ENTRIES

Number of Subjects written 1 subject 2 subjects 3 subjects 4 subjects 5 subjects or more Total
Number of Candidates 42 107 20 658 9 259 3 586 3 045 78 655

 

The table 1 above and fig 1 below includes entries for both school and private candidates. It can be observed that the majority of candidates registered for one subject followed by those who registered for two. This may suggest that the majority of the candidates especially the private candidates were supplementing from the previous examinations.

Fig 1 Number of subjects written and their entries

 

TABLE 2: 2017 JUNE O’ LEVEL NATIONAL PASS RATE

 

Candidates who sat for 4 subjects Candidates who obtained 4C’s or better Percentage pass rate for four subjects Candidates who sat for 5 or more subjects Candidates who passed with 5C’s or better Percentage

pass rate for five subjects or more

School candidates 755 236 31,25 % 861 451 52,25 %
Private candidates 2831 264 9,32% 2184 278 12,72%

 

From the table above it can be observed that more private candidates registered for four or more subjects than the school candidates. However, their performance is significantly low as compared to that of school candidates.

 

TABLE 3: PERCENTAGE PASS RATES BY GENDER AND NUMBER OF SUBJECTS

  Candidates who passed 1 subject with grade C or better %

Pass rate for 1 subject

Candidates who passed 2 subjects with grade C or better %

Pass rate for 2 subjects

Candidates who passed 3 subjects with grade C or better % Pass rate for 3 subjects Candidates who passed 4 subjects with grade C or better %Pass rate for 4 subjects Candidates who obtained 5Cs or better % Pass rates
All Females 10 335 42,74 3 055 23,59 1019 16,96 273 11,72 156 12,2
School Females 872 47,49 631 39,31 441 39,56 100 26,18 90 34,09
Private Females 9463 42,35 2424 21,37 578 11,88 173 8,89 66 6,5
All Males 7154 39,91 1849 23,99 709 21,8 227 18,06 140 19,1
School Males 876 42,88 605 40,88 388 40,21 136 36,46 108 43,9
Private Males 6278 39,52 1244 19,98 321 14,04 91 10,29 32 6,57

 

 

Table 3, above, shows percentage pass rates by gender and number of subjects written and passed by school and private candidates. That is to say, candidates who passed all the subjects they sat for with Grade C or better.

 

From the table above, it can be observed that there were more female candidates who registered for the June 2017 examination. Furthermore, the pass rates are significantly high among school candidates as compared to the private candidates for both genders. This trend may be attributed mainly to the low numbers and formal schooling of the formal candidates.

 

 

Fig 2 below compares the percentage pass rates by gender and number of subjects.   Male candidates who registered for two or more subjects performed better than the female candidates probably due to their low entry.

 

 

Fig 2: Percentage Pass Rates by Gender and Number of Subjects

 

TABLE 4: SUBJECT PASS RATE ANALYSIS

Subject Code Subject Name Entries per subject Number of candidates with Grade C or better Percentage Pass rate
1122 ENGLISH LANGUAGE  
School Candidates 7 017 3680 52,54
Private Candidates 32 760 9 021 27,54
2013 LITERATURE IN ENGLISH  
School Candidates 277 169 70,76
Private Candidates 63 07 11,11
2042 RELIGIOUS STUDIES A  
School Candidates 1389 921 66, 31
Private Candidates 659 246 37,33
2043 RELIGIOUS STUDIES B  
School Candidates 286 254 88,81
Private Candidates 92 61 66,30
2167 HISTORY  
School Candidates 1637 1 412 78, 59
Private Candidates 2191 4029 54,38
2248 GEOGRAPHY  
School Candidates 1 994 1817 87,10
Private Candidates 7840 5773 73,64
2283 ECONOMICS  
School Candidates 41 35 85,29
Private Candidates 68 58 85,37
3155 NDEBELE  
School Candidates 594 487 81.99
Private Candidates 391 229 58,57
3156 TONGA  
School Candidates
Private Candidates 24 5 20,83
3159 SHONA  
School Candidates 363 151 41,60
Private Candidates 3223 1119 34,72
4030 MATHEMATICS  
School Candidates 4 882 1 795 45,10
Private Candidates 40 751 15 600 38,28
5006 INTEGRATED SCIENCE  
School Candidates 2 769 1 863 67,28
Private Candidates 18 181 9 578 52,68
5008 BIOLOGY  
School Candidates 397 313 78,34
Private Candidates 468 166 34,02
5097 HUMAN & SOCIAL BIOLOGY  
School Candidates 151 98 40,80
Private Candidates 125 51 64,90
7103 COMMERCE  
School Candidates 1 292 751 58,13
Private Candidates 7 845 4194 53,46
7112 ACCOUNTS  
School Candidates 692 544 78,61
Private Candidates 1 692 891 52,66

 

From the table above, the high entry subjects (those with a candidature of more than 7000) are English Language (1122), Mathematics (4030), Integrated Science (5006), Geography (2248), and Commerce (7103).The percentage pass rate for Geography was high for both school candidates (87,10%) and private candidates (73, 64%). There was a notable good performance by candidates who wrote the smaller entry subjects (those with a candidature of less than 500 candidates). These include Economics (2283) with a pass rate of 85, 29% for school candidates and 85, 37% for private candidates as well as Religious Studies B (2043), with a pass rate of 88,81% for school candidates and 66,30% for private candidates.

 

TABLE 5: YEAR ON YEAR COMPARISON OF PASS RATES FOR THOSE WHO WROTE 5 OR MORE SUBJECTS- JUNE 2014 TO JUNE 2017

 

Year

Candidates who entered for 5 or more subjects Candidates who passed 5 or more subjects with Grade C or better % Pass rates
 

 

School Candidates

June 2014 816 240 29,41
June 2015 614 278 45, 28
June 2016 668 311 46,56
June 2017 863 451 52.25
 

 

Private Candidates

June 2014 2 844 244 8,58
June 2015 2 146 183 8, 53
June 2016 1 723 168 9,75
June 2017 2184 278 12.72

 

Based on the year to year comparison, the percentage pass rate for both school and private candidates with five or more subjects is higher in June 2017 than the previous year. There is, however, a fluctuation in the number of entries for the different years as presented above.

SPECIAL NEEDS CANDIDATES

TABLE 6.1: Hearing Impairment

Total Candidature:  7

Name of Subjects Written Entry Number of candidates who passed:

 

Mathematics 4 1
English Language 5 0
Integrated Science 1 0
History
Religious Studies
Geography 2 2
Shona 2 0
Commerce 1 0
Principals of Accounts 2 0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE 6.2: Visual Impairment- Total Blindness

Total Candidature: 15

Name of Subjects Written Entry Number of Candidates Who Passed:

 

Maths 2 0
English Language 12 4
Integrated Science 3 1
History 1 1
Religious Studies 2 1
Geography 4 2
Shona 1 0
Commerce 3 1
Economics


TABLE 6.3: Visual Impairment- Low Vision

Total Candidature:  27

Name of Subjects written Entry Total Number of candidates who passed:

 

Maths 15 4
English Language 15 2
Integrated Science 3 2
History 1 1
Religious Studies 2 1
Geography 4 2
Shona 1 0
Commerce 3 1
Economics

 

TABLE 6.4: Physical Handicap

Total Candidature:  7

Name of Subjects written Entry Total Number of candidates who passed:

 

Mathematics
English Language 4 1
Integrated Science
History 1 0
Religious Studies 3 2
Geography 2 2
Shona 2 0
Commerce
Economics 1

 

A total number of candidates with various categories of special needs who registered for the June 2017 O’ level examinations were 56. The candidates registered for a number of subjects ranging from one to six. While their performances varied from subject to subject, the overall observation is that the majority of them performed lowly in their respective learning areas as indicated in the tables above.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, the June 2017 examinations witnessed a significant increase in the number of registered candidates as compared to June 2016. English Language (1122), Mathematics (4030) and Integrated Science (5006), however, maintained their high entry status. Despite fluctuations in the entries, the overall pass rate for June 2017 is comparable to that of the previous years.

E S Nhandara

Director

Zimbabwe School Examinations Council



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