November 2016 Grade 7 Results Analysis Report

GRADE SEVEN EXAMINATION STATISTICS REPORT NOVEMBER 2016

Introduction

The November 2016 Grade 7 Examinations session has recorded a national pass rate slightly higher than the previous year’s. Generally, candidates performed well in all subject areas. High pass rates were recorded in Indigenous Languages. Although the candidates performed well in all subject areas, pass rates in Mathematics, General Paper and English Language were lower than pass rates in Indigenous Languages. Female candidates performed better than male candidates and there was an increase in the pass rate for private candidates. ZIMSEC is proud to announce the November 2016 examination statistics for candidates with special needs particularly braille, hearing impairment and enlarged print. Braille candidates registered a high pass rate among the three categories under special needs.

Analysis of results

The total number of candidates who registered for the Grade 7 November 2016 Examinations was 329 549 compared to the 2015 entry of 329 217. There was a slight increase of 332 candidates which translates to 0.1%.School candidates who wrote the examination were 327 303 and private candidates were 2246 and thisgives us a total of 329 549 candidates. Out of the 329 549 candidates who sat for the Grade 7 November 2016 examinations, 167 333 (50,78%) were female and 162 183 (49.21%) were male and these statistics indicate thatthere is gender equity in the number of candidates sitting for Grade 7 examinations in Zimbabwe. There were 33 candidates whose gender was not indicated. The 2016 national pass rate for both school and private candidates stands at 42.90% recording an increase of 1.29% from 41, 61% in 2015. The national pass rate for school candidates is 43,00% which shows an increase of about 1.18% from the 2015 national pass rate of 41,82% . The statistics show that the 2016 results are almost the same as last year’s since there is a slight increase in the 2016 pass rate.

Table 1: 2016 Grade 7 National Pass Rate by Candidates Category

Category Candidates who wrote four subjects Candidates who passed four subjects Pass rate for candidates who passed four subjects
School Candidates 327 303 140 753 43%
Private Candidates 2 246 630 28,05%
All Candidates 329 549 141 383 42,90%

(Candidates who passed four subjects with grade six or better)

The table above shows that school candidates performed better than private candidates. The pass rate for school candidates is 43% while that of private candidates is 28, 05%. There is an increase in pass rate for private candidates from 20.92% in 2015 to 28,05 in 2016 which has contributed to the overall increase in national pass rate for candidates who wrote 4 subjects.

Table 2:2016 Grade 7 National Pass Rate by Gender:

Category Candidates who wrote four subjects Candidates who passed four subjects Pass rate for candidates who passed four subjects
Female   Candidates 167 333 75 786 45,29%
Male   Candidates 162 183 65 578 40,43%
Gender not indicated 33 19 57,58%
All Candidates 329 549 141 383 42,90%

(Candidates who passed four subjects with grade six or better)

The table above shows that female candidates who wrote four subjects performed better than their male counterparts. The pass rate for female candidates is 45,29% compared to 40,43% for males. 33 candidates who could not be categorized by gender wrote four subjects and 19 (57,58%) of them passed four subjects.

Table 3:2016 Grade 7 National Pass Rate by Gender for Braille Candidates:

Category Candidates who wrote four subjects Candidates who passed four subjects Pass rate for candidates who passed four subjects
Female   Candidates 16 14 87,50%
Male   Candidates 24 18 75%
All Candidates 40 32 80%

(Candidates who passed four subjects with grade six or better)

Table 4:2016 Grade 7 National Pass Rate by Gender for Enlarged print Candidates:

Category Candidates who wrote four subjects Candidates who passed four subjects Pass rate for candidates who passed four subjects
Female   Candidates 28 22 78,57%
Male   Candidates 31 18 58,06%
All Candidates 59 40 67,80%

(Candidates who passed four subjects with grade six or better)

The performance of female Braille candidates was better than that of male counterparts as shown in the table above. Overally the performance of all Braille candidates as compared to all school candidates is commendable given their 80% pass rate versus the 42,90% for all candidates.

Table 5:2016 Grade 7 National Pass Rate by Gender for Candidates with hearing impairment:

Category Candidates who wrote three subjects Candidates who passed three subjects Pass rate for candidates who passed three subjects
Female   Candidates 45 13 28,89%
Male   Candidates 40 14 35%
All Candidates 85 27 31,76%

(Candidates who passed three subjects with grade six or better)

The performance of Braille candidates was better than that of candidates with hearing impairment and enlarged print. Pass rate for braille candidates is at 80% while that of candidates with enlarged print and hard of hearing is at 67,80% and 31,76% respectively.

Table 6: 2016 Grade 7 pass rate by number of subjects passed and gender

 

Category

Number of Subjects Passed/Failed
0 Subject 1Subject 2 Subjects 3 Subjects 4 Subjects
Females 16 735 37 324 19 418 18 070 75 786
Pass Rate -10% 22,31% 11,6% 10,80% 45,29
Males 28 839 36 354 16 584 14 828 65 578
Pass Rate -17,78% 22,42% 10,23% 9,14% 40,43%
Gender

not indicated

3 7 1 3 19
Pass Rate 9,09% 21,21% 3,03% 9,09% 57,58%

 

Statistics in the table above show that for both male and female candidates who wrote four subjects, those who passed 4 subjects recorded the highest percentages as shown by 45,29% pass rate for females and 40,43% for males. There is an almost equal percentage pass rate for both male and female candidates who passed two or three subjects. More male than female candidates did not pass a single subject. This is shown by 17,42% for males and 10% for females. It can also be noted that more female candidates than male candidates passed 4 subjects and this demonstrates that females performed better than males.

 

 

 

Table 7: Grade 7 School Entries and National Pass Rate Analysis 2010 – 2016

Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Candidature 303978 288365 292375 299673 306 490 327191 329 549
National Pass Rate 25,00% 28,89% 31,5% 32,2% 38,13% 41,87% 42,90%

 

The table above shows the changes in Grade 7 candidature and national pass rate from 2010 to 2016. The data in the table shows that the candidature increased from 303 978 in 2010 to 329 549 in 2016 whilst the pass rate increased from 25% in 2010 to 42,9% in 2016. This may suggest that there is marked improvement in the quality of education in Zimbabwean primary schools over the years.

Table 8:Comparison of national percentage pass rate by gender since 2010

Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Pass Rate Females 27,40 30,85 33,30 33,66 40,30 44,29 45,29
Males 22,59 26,90 29,70 30,72 35,67 38,88 40,43

 

In general, there is remarkable improvement in the performance of both male and female candidates for the period shown above. It can however be noted that female candidates performed better than male candidates since 2010.

 

Table 9: 2016 Subject Entry and Pass rate

Subject Candidates Examined Subject Pass Rate
2015 2016 2015 2016
English 329 022 328 882 47,6% 56,43%

 

Mathematics 328 883 329 205 57,4 56,47%
General Paper 329 046 329 148 50,0% 47,96%
Shona 266 933 269 339 87,0% 86,31%
Ndebele 52 315 49 481 80,7% 81,90%
Tonga 4 667 4 730 78,8% 74,95%
Nambya 815 824 76,7% 74,64%
Tshivenda 2 199 2342 71,4% 72,2%
Xichangana 1 371 1 504 82,0% 80,98%
Kalanga 430 602 71,9% 75,42%

 

The table above shows that Shona has the highest candidature of 266 933 and 269 339 for the period 2015 to 2016 while candidature for the rest of the indigenous languages remained very low, with Kalanga having the least candidature of 602. The statistics above show that the percentage pass rates in all subjects except Mathematics, English Language and General Paper are above 70%. Candidates performed better in local languages than in other subjects with the highest pass rate of 86,31% in Shona and the lowest 72,2% in Tshivenda for the 2016.

The pass rates in English, Mathematics and General Paper which are 56,43% , 56,47% and 47,96% respectively for 2016 may be a result of learning the subjects in a second language which is used as the language of instruction.

Table 10: 2015 Subject Pass rate and Gender

Subject Females Males
2015 2016 2015 2016
Candidates Pass Rate Candidates Pass Rate Candidates Pass Rate Candidates Pass Rate
English 166 498 51,4% 167 110 60,9% 162 523 43,7% 161 769 51,8%
Mathematics 166 449 60,1% 167 213 59,3% 162 433 54,7% 161 939 53,6%
General Paper 166 518 51,7% 167 190 49,9% 162 527 48,2% 161 955 45,9%
Shona 134 627 90,3% 136 010 89,8% 132 305 83,5% 133 328 82,8%
Ndebele 26 873 87,6% 25 742 88,4% 25 442 73,4% 23 737 74,9%
Tonga 2 358 81,6% 2 488 78,3% 2 299 76,0% 2 262 70,2%
Nambya 411 84,9% 387 87,3% 404 66,1% 437 63,4%
Tshivenda 1 121 79,2% 1 224 82,2% 1 078 63,4% 1 118 61,3%
Xichangana 795 83,8% 911 84,3% 576 79,5% 593 75,9%
Kalanga 222 80,2% 313 84,0% 208 63,0% 289 66,1%

 

Generally, there are more female than male candidates who were examined this year in all subjects. Female candidates outperformed their male counter parts in all subject areas as was in the previous year.

Conclusion

There is a remarkable improvement in the national pass rate and in candidates’ performance in all subjects. The pass rate for female candidates is higher than that of males in all subjects.

 



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