NOVEMBER 2016 EXAMINATIONS: ADVANCED LEVEL RESULTS ANALYSIS

November 2016 A’ Level Results Analysis

 

1.0     Introduction

The total number of candidates who sat for the November 2016 A’ level Examination was 41 549 compared to 41 653 in November 2015. The candidature decreased by 104, a slight decrease of 0.25%. In 2015, the number of candidates who obtained a grade E or better in one or more subjects was 38873. This gives a percentage of 93.3%, while in 2016, the number of candidates who obtained Grade E or better in one or more subjects was 38 924. This translates to 93.7% pass rate.

The number of school candidates for the November 2016 was 33 400. Of these, 33 139 wrote two or more subjects and 29 383 obtained Grade E or better in two or more subjects, yielding an 88.7% pass rate. The number of private candidates was 8 149. Of these, 7 337 wrote two or more subjects and 4 685 obtained a Grade E or better in two or more subjects, which also translates to a percentage pass rate of 63. 9%.

In 2015, the number of school candidates was 32 764. Of these, 32 550 wrote two or more subjects and 28 510 obtained Grade E or better in two or more subjects, yielding an 87.6% pass rate. The number of private candidates was 8 889. Of these, 7 962 wrote two or more subjects and 5 069 obtained a Grade E or better in two or more subjects, which also translates to a percentage pass rate of 63. 7%.

For analysis, the candidates have been grouped into two distinct categories namely school candidates and private candidates

 

 

 

 

2.0      Number of Subject/s Pass Rate Analysis

 

Table 1: Number of Subject/s Pass Rate Analysis

  Candidates who sat for 1 subject Candidates who sat for 2   subjects Candidates who sat for 3 subjects Candidates who for 4 subjects Candidates who sat for 5 subjects Candidates who sat for 6 or more subjects
Entry Grade E or better % pass rate Entry Grade E or better % pass rate Entry Grade E or better % pass rate Entry Grade E or better % pass rate Entry Grade E or better % pass rate Entry Grade E or better % pass rate
School candidates 261 205 78.5 1 451 1 008 69.5 30 743 2 616 67.1 893 699 78.3 44 34 77.3 8 5 84.4
Private candidates 812 414 50.99 1 113 353 31.7 6 129 2 322 37.9 91 46 50.6 3 2 66.7 1 1 100
Total 1 073 619 2 584 1361 36 872 4938 984 745 47 36 9 6

 

From the table above the majority of school candidates sat for three subjects, followed by candidates who wrote two subjects.

 

3.0      November 2016 and 2016 A’ Level National Pass Rate

 

Table 2: November 2016 A’ Level National Pass Rate compared to 2015.

  Number of Candidates who wrote 2 or more subjects Number of Candidates who passed 2 or more subjects Percentage Pass Rates
School Candidates 2016 33 139 29 383 88.7
2015 32 550 28 510 87.6
Private Candidates 2016 7 337 4 685 63.9
2015 7 962              5 069 63.7

 

The table above compares the performance of candidates who wrote two or more subjects in 2015 and 2016. A total of 33 139 candidates wrote two or more subjects in 2016, which is an increase of 1.8 % from 2015. Also, 2016 candidates registered 88.7% pass rate which is 1.1% more than in 2015. The candidature and pass rates for two or more subjects in 2015 and 2016 are similar.

 


4.0      Pass Rate by Gender and Number of Subjects

 

Table 3: Percentage pass rate by gender and number of subjects

  Candidates who passed 1 subject Candidates who passed 2   subjects Candidates who passed 3 subjects Candidates who passed 4 subjects Candidates who passed 5 subjects Candidates who passed 6 or more subjects
No. %pass rate No. % pass rate No. % pass rate No. %pass rate No. % pass rate No. % pass rate
School Female 103 85.1 448 73.3 9 769 71.78 207 79.6 2 66.7
Male 102 72.9 560 66.7 10 843 66.3 492 77.7 32 78.1 5 62.5
Private Female 144 47.4 108 27.1 1154 41.6 11 54.83
Male 270 53.2 244 34.3 1 168 34.83 35 52.2 2 100 1 100

 

From the table above, female school candidates performed better than their male counter parts.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

5.0      Year on Year Comparison of School Candidates by Gender 2015 – 2016

The total number of school female candidates who sat for November 2015, A’ level examinations was 14 610. Of these, 14 489 wrote two or more subjects and 13 266 passed with two or more subjects.

The total number of school male candidates who sat for the same examinations was 18 790, which is 4 180 more than their female counterparts. 18 650 male school candidates wrote two or more subjects and 16 117 passed with two or more subjects.

Table 4: Year on Year Comparison of School Candidates by Gender 2015-2016

  Number of Candidates who wrote 2 or more subjects Number of Candidates who passed 2 or more subjects National Pass Rates
YEAR 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016
FEMALES 14 071 14 489 12 738 13 266 90.5% 91.6%
MALES 18 479 18 650 15 772 16 117 85. 4% 86.4%

 

The table compares the performance by gender of candidates who wrote two or more subjects over a period of two years. There is a slight increase in both entries and pass rates for female and male candidates from 2015 and 2016. Though female candidates are significantly fewer than male candidates, their performance also notably surpasses that of their counterparts.

Fig 1: Graphical Comparison of candidates who wrote two or more subjects by gender

 

 

Fig 2: Graphical Comparison of candidates’ pass rate by gender

 

6.0      November 2016 and 2015 Subject Pass Rates

Table 5: School and Private Candidates Subject Performance in the November 2015 and 2016 examinations.

 

Subject Code Subject Name Candidate Status Candidates who sat for the exam Grade E or better per subject % pass rate of candidates who obtained Grade E or better
2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
8007 ENGLISH & COMMUNICATION SKILLS School candidates 16 640 16 617 16 601 16 600 99.77 99.99
Private candidates 940 943 939 939 99.89 99.58
9145 SHONA School Candidates 5 237 6 058 5 101 5 470 97.4 90.29
Private Candidates 582 624 525 427 90.2 68.43
9147 NDEBELE School Candidates 2 327 2 527 2 266 2 180 97.38 86.27
Private Candidates 308 421 272 291 83.31 69.12
9153 LIT IN ENGLISH School Candidates 6 308 4 763 6 166 4 696 98.03 98.59
Private Candidates 1 264 1 087 1 212 1 028 95.89 94.57
9154 DIVINITY School Candidates 12 310   10 237 11 433 83.21 88.6
Private Candidates 2 517   1 658 2 055 65.83 76.52
9155 HISTORY School Candidates 14 146 14 498 14 017 14 276 99.09 98.47
Private Candidates 2 702 2 950 2 532 2 723 93.67 92.31
9156 GEOGRAPHY School Candidates 12 155 10 464 8 407 7 633 69.18 72.95
Private Candidates 2 239 2 546 843 1 148 37.85 45.09
9157 SOCIOLOGY School Candidates 1 142 940 1 062 798 92.99 84.89
Private Candidates 671 840 487 483 72.58 57.5
9158 ECONOMICS School Candidates 7 459 7 498 6 276 5 755      84.14 76.75
Private Candidates 3 061 3 333 1 923 1 848 62.82 55.45
9159 AGRICULTURE School Candidates 1 188 1004 1 153 876 97.05 87.25
Private Candidates 2 1 2 1 100 100
9163 FRENCH School Candidates 6 5 6 5 100 100
9164 MATHEMATICS School Candidates 9 593 9 681 7 068 6 988 79.07 72. 18
Private Candidates 1 791 1 797 864 783 48.24 43. 57
9187 FURTHER MATHEMATICS School Candidates 259 232 242 223 93.44 96. 12
Private Candidates 33 28 20 20 60.61 71. 43
9188 PHYSICS School Candidates 2 917 2 407 2 302 2 017 78.92 83. 80
Private Candidates 252 232 109 123 43.25 53. 02
9189 CHEMISTRY School Candidates 3 640 3 564 3 009 2 859 82.66 80.22
Private Candidates 338 337 170 186 50.30 55. 19
9190 BIOLOGY School Candidates 2 533 2 676 2 231 2 150 88.08 80. 34
Private Candidates 234 223 135 134 57.89 60. 09
9191 ART School Candidates 48 56 33 45 68.75 80. 36
9193 TEXTILES & DESIGN School Candidates 122 83 120 77 98.36 92. 77
9194 FOOD SCIENCE School Candidates 204 218 191 204 93.63 93. 58
9195 COMPUTING School Candidates 814 500 784 490 96.31 98
9196 GEO&MECH/BUILD DRAW School Candidates 270 243 255 228 94.44 93. 83
Private Candidates 1 3 1 1 100 33.33
9197 ACCOUNTING School Candidates 5 732 6 470 2 912 3 563 50.80 55.07
Private Candidates 2 202 2 530 442 687 20.07 27.15
9198 BUSINESS STUDIES School Candidates 10 836 11 056 9 630 9 828 88.87 88. 89
Private Candidates 3 623 4 109 2 493 3 077 68.81 74. 88

 

Generally, candidates performed well in all subjects.

7.0 Provincial School Candidates Pass Rates

Table 6: Provincial School Candidates Provincial Pass Rates, 2016

Region Year Number of candidates who wrote 2 or more subjects Number of candidates who passed 2 or more subjects % Provincial pass rates
 

 

Harare

 

Female

2016 2 187 1 962 89.7
2015 1 998 1935 96.8
 

Male

2016 2 594 2 050 79.0
2015 2337 1862 79.7
 

 

Manicaland

 

Females

2016 2 480 2 304 93
2015 2446 2226 91
 

Male

2016 3 427 2 999 87.5
2015 3348 2934 87.6
 

Mashonaland East

 

Females

2016 1 478 1 417 95.9
2015 1544 1455 94.2
 

Male

2016 1 866 1 689 90.5
2015 1932 1747 90.4

Matebeleland North
 

Females

2016 515 460 89.3
2015 538 450 83.6
 

Male

2016 520 431 82.9
2015 582 445 76.5
 

 

Midlands

 

Female

2016 1 797 1 600 90.0
2015 1686 1495 88.7
 

Male

2016 2 330 1 983 85.1
2015 2361 1962 83.1
 

Masvingo

 

Female

2016 1 956 1 825 93.3
2015 1823 1697 93.1
 

Male

2016 2 951 2 682 90.9
2015 2972 2686 90.4
 

 

Mashonaland Central

 

Female

2016 780 743 95.3
2015 783 726 92.7
 

Male

2016 1 110 1 012 91.2
2015 1178 1026 87.1
 

 

Mashonaland West

 

Female

2016 1 135 1 014 89.3
2015 1156 1033 89.4
 

Male

2016 1 800 1 544 85.8
2015 1833 1528 83.4
 

 

Matebeleland South

 

Female

2016 897 800 89.3
2015 860 760 88.4
 

Male

2016 816 683 83.7
2015 733 609 83.1
 

 

Bulawayo

 

Female

2016 1 262 1 149 91.0
2015 1212 1048 86.5
 

Male

2016 1 214 1 046 86.2
2015 1192 962 80.7

 

The table above shows November 2016 pass rate by province and by gender. The pass rate for all provinces is high and above 80%. Of note is that in all the provinces, school female candidates performed better than their male counterparts.

8.0 Special Needs Candidates

The total number of special needs candidates who sat for the November 2016, A’ level examinations were 41. Of these 14 were Braille, 27 for enlarged print.

Table 7: Special Needs Candidates’ Performance

Type of Special needs Number of Candidates   with E or better
Geo Eco B/S Mat Phy His Che Div Sho Lit Soc Nde Acc Bio
Enlargedprint 4

 

1 1 1 1 12 1 6 0 9 2
Braille 0 0 8 1 10 3

 

The table presents the distribution of special needs candidates who sat for the November 2016 examinations and passed with a grade E or better. Divinity seemed to be the most popular subject among the Enlarged print candidates being Impaired. Candidates in these two categories performed well in Divinity. Science learning areas are not easily accessible to special needs candidates. From the table, no special needs candidates registered for Biology.

9.0      Conclusion

Grading standards for each A’ level subject did not change. The standards have been benchmarked to previous ones and maintained in all subjects. Generally, the performance of November 2016 candidates was commendable in most subjects and reasons for this performance vary from subject to subject.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. S. Nhandara

Director

Zimbabwe School Examinations Council

January, 2017



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